Barcelona 2013
Barcelona 2013
Abstract book - Abstract - 104
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Conference Details
International Committee
Plenary Speakers
Presenting Speakers
Scientific Committee
Abstract #104  -  Law and Ethics
  26.8: Law and Ethics (Parallel) on Tuesday @ 11.00-13.00 in Auditorio Chaired by David Dalmau,
Vincent Douris

  Presenting Author:   Dr Sara Paparini - Terrence Higgins Trust, United Kingdom
  Additional Authors:  Ms. Chen Zhang, Dr. Yan Hong, Ms. Shaobing Su , Dr. Yuejiao Zhou,  
The aim of this qualitative study was the application of the principles of 'intersectionality' to the study of HIV discrimination in Britain. This involved exploring the ways in which the categories of sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class, citizenship and sexuality jointly shape and affect the lived experiences of HIV-related stigma and discrimination for people living with HIV.
Method / Issue:
35 people living with HIV took part in semi-structured interviews about their experiences of discrimination based on HIV but also on the other five categories of analysis (sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class, citizenship and sexuality). Sampling was aimed at obtaining diversity in participants' background (based on the above five categories). Data analysis was carried out looking at the interplay of the five categories chosen for the study as well as the other potential categories and characteristics that emerged from the interviews as analytically relevant to participants' narratives.
Results / Comments:
All participants believed that HIV discrimination is still a substantial problem, and the majority had had direct experience of it in the UK. However, such experiences varied substantially depending on participants' characteristics as HIV discrimination intersected with prior experiences and additional forms of discrimination in people's lived experiences. The study also highlights the importance of differentiating the domains in which discrimination takes place, the degree of connection between participants and those who discriminated against them, and the time-dimension of discrimination with regards to its consequences and the ways in which people make sense of what has happened with the passage of time.
Overall, the study found that advantaged and disadvantaged social positions related to the five categories for analysis, alongside material, emotional and health-related security (and insecurity) affected people's feelings about and reactions to the discrimination they encountered. In order to grasp the complexities of HIV discrimination, it is thus important to develop appropriate frameworks that take into consideration the multifaceted aspects of people's identities and social positions and to integrate the analysis of these different aspects throughout the design of research studies.
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